Bodies 2 comes to Balboa Park in America's Finest City:
Who in the County will authenticate the bodies in order to comply with the pending legislation, sponsored by State Assemblywoman Fiona Ma?
As of 15 April, the marketing representative at the San Diego Natural History Museuem did not know that a permit might be required.
AB 1519 requires exhibitors of human remains to provide a paper trail of informed consent and obtain a permit from local government to ensure bodies were donated, not exploited. Violators will face a civil penalty of $10,000.
Tuesday, 15 April 2008: 10 Nissan 5768
Bodies 2 comes to Balboa Park in America's Finest City:
Tuesday, 15 April 2008: 10 Nissan 5768
Tuesday, 15 April 2008: 10 Nissan 5768
Fair Use excerpts from San Diego media (Articles herewith are reproduced in part or summarized under the Fair Use exception of US Code Title 17, Chapter 1 § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.) (aviso en Espanol de la officina de Copyright en EUA)
They're remains to be seen: Controversial human cadaver show will stop in San Diego
May 6 2007 By Scott LaFee
Both Glover and executives at Premier say their cadavers are unidentified and unclaimed persons who died of natural causes. Obtaining informed consent is impossible, they say, but they do take all possible steps to ensure the bodies are legally and morally obtained.
“Company executives traveled to China to find just the right partner,” Glover said. “Dr. Sui Hongjin (an anatomist at the Dalian Medical University plastination lab and former general manager of 'Body Worlds') is a very good friend of mine. I have the highest respect for his integrity. We also have letters of assurance from the Chinese government that the cadavers are legal. I wouldn't be involved if I thought otherwise.”
Links to graphics: The banner hanging from the top of the mall's department store with a larger-than-life bisected body (painted red to accentuate the muscles); google the entertainment section of the local paper for the slide-show (7 results); basketaball man lifted by someone from another web-site; Body Worlds' artistic arranger practices her art with a rolling pin, Mar 2005 (link thanks to Rose in Portland, OR)
finances: SD U-T reports $25M paid
Other articles: San Diego Union Tribune (55 results), more U-T (about 1580 results), North County Times (first 6 results)
Media references to the concurrent Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit: 245 in SD-UT; 180 in NC Times
outside of San Diego: factiva news articles, google, alta vista
Where do the bodies come from? According to the 8 Aug 2006 NY Times“We don’t deal with it directly, but we want to do what is morally and legally correct,” Mr. Geller said. “We traced the whole process. None of these would be executed prisoners.” “Officials at the Customs Bureau here in Dalian and the Dalian Medical University, however, said they had no records showing the supplier of Premier having acquired bodies and then transporting them to exhibitions abroad." "'I don’t know where the bodies came from,' said Meng Xianzhi, a spokesman for the university. "Mr. Geller, the chairman of Premier..."
Articles by NY Times foreign correspondent, Mr. David Barboza and Mr. Andrew Jacobs; the latter includes a note from the editor correcting spelling details in the printed edition
A Proactive New Look at Real Human Cadavers
May 10, 2007 Alison St John (Guest Host) : Guest Dr. Roy Glover, chief medical adviser for the exhibit and a former anatomist at the University of Michigan. [Explains why the exhibit is at a vacant department store instead of a science museum.]
Learn anatomy for free with photos from The Visible Human Project of the US National Institutes of Health National Library of Medicine
The NIH is known to uphold Federally mandated rules of informed consent as governed by Institutional Review Boards.
I have had good luck ordering anatomical models from http://www.anatomy-resources.com/
See videos of a living person's voicebox as she sings and speaks.
See photos of a smoker's swollen voicebox before and after corrective surgery.
University of Michigan's plastination laboratory
Press releases and advertisements from the exhibit
Throughout the country
A creepily cool exhibit [for] Ages: 6 and up. Schedule a play-date here: http://www.gocitykids.com/sendToFriend.jsp?id=207532&area=198
Lost and need an address? View in a new window: http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:XEHLOBZWImcJ:westfield.com/utc/ourstores/details/30767/+UTC+bodies+entertainment+site:westfield.com&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=us
Categories: Miscellaneous, Movie and Entertainment,
The weekly SD U-T Thursday coupon on the back page of the Quest (Science) section started to be in color on 9 Aug 2007. The bisected body is red; the viscera are grey, the face is also partly red; the $3 discount is in yellow; the NIE logo is partly in dark blue; the coupon border is light blue; there is a five-pointed red-star at the bottom of the coupon.
The text on the coupon at http://nie.uniontribune.com/pdf/bodies-coupon.pdf states at the bottom: "If you do not wish to use this coupon as a donation to the NIE program..."
According to official communication emailed me from a San Diego Union-Tribune
Newspaper in Education Program Instructor (Sent: Friday, August 03, 2007 2:34 PM From: firstname.lastname@example.org , reachable by phone at the NIE office: 619 293 2110 x2):
"The wording on the coupon gives consumers the option to still receive a $3 discount, even if they do not want a portion of the proceeds from their ticket savings to be given to our NIE program. I cannot imagine why anyone would choose not to donate a portion of their savings to a program that helps students learn to read, but nonetheless, we give them that option.
"I'm sorry if you found this to be confusing. NIE automatically gets a pre-determined donation amount for every coupon that is used to purchase BODIES tickets, unless the consumer specifies otherwise. 100% of these donations are used to purchase newspapers for classrooms."
Thur July 26, 2007, as the previous week (p. E8, the backpage of the Quest section). This coupon has an expiration date of 9 August 07. Now there is a web-site with a name that is easier to recall than last week's URL. The web-site this week is nie.uniontribune.com , which lacks the educational content of last week's web-site. Instead it has a flashing message to dish up http://nie.uniontribune.com/pdf/bodies-coupon.pdf , which gets you a $3 off coupon that expires on 9/27/07 . Eight other sponsors share the page, but the most notable is that of an Indian tribe, Viejas, which participates in the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.
Thur July 19, 2007: The ad has moved from the entertainment section to the science section ("Quest") of the SD Union Tribune. On the back page (p. 8) is a coupon good for $3 off per ticket. The promo code is not BTEB++ as in the San Diego Jewish Journal, but BTE+++. The +++ are the letters "NIE," which stand for the Newspaper in Education program that is partnering with the exhibit. Here is a link about the partnership:
http://www.signonsandiego.com/nie/bodies.php There are links to the exhibits web-pages for age-appropriate information, along with information on ordering tickets. The SD U-T is also hosting a branded web page with coloring games at http://www.signonsandiego.com/nie/pdf/funsheet.pdf
Text from San Diego ad, p. 26 (Thur July 5 2007 Night and Day in San Diego Union): "Real Human bodies, preserved through an innovative process and then respecfully presented. Experience the human body like never before..." "An anatomy textbook come alive!"
June 2006 advertisement photo from London exhibit: "THROUGH THE SENSITIVE PRESENTATION OF ACTUAL WHOLE-BODY SPECIMENS AND INDIVIDUAL ORGANS, THIS AWE-INSPIRING EXHIBITION WILL REVEAL HOW YOUR BODY WORKS BY EXPLORING IT FROM THE INSIDE-OUT.
Bodies… The Exhibition examines the intricacies and complexities that lie beneath your skin through the use of a unique polymer preservation process applied to real human bodies. You will leave with a greater understanding of your own physical makeup and with a deeper respect for the machine that gives you the power of life.
Both fascinating and beautiful, this eye-opening exhibition is an unforgettable experience for inquisitive minds of all ages.
Bodies… The Exhibition will change the way you view yourself forever."
Readers of the Tammuz/Av 5767 edition, p. 63 get a other locations may also have promotional codes. (view source, need to get rid of CR's)
The International Fine Art Society - San Diego gets $5.00 discount only on June 29 at 7 PM
California HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE SECTION
Is HIV screening required? Do foreign laws take precedence over California's?
7155.5. (a) An anatomical gift authorizes any reasonable
examination necessary to assure medical acceptability of the gift for
the purposes intended. All donors shall be screened for infectious
diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody
testing, pursuant to regulations adopted by the State Department of
(b) The provisions of this chapter are subject to the laws of this
state governing autopsies.
(c) A hospital, physician, surgeon, coroner, medical examiner,
local public health officer, enucleator, technician, or other person, who acts in accordance with this chapter or with the applicable
anatomical gift law of another state or a foreign country or attempts
in good faith to do so is not liable for that act in a civil action
or criminal proceeding.
Does our state have a duty of interment for unclaimed human remains in California?
California's Health and Safety Code
HSC Section 7104(a) states, in part, that when no provision is made by the decedent and the duty of interment does not devolve upon any other person residing in the state, or if such person cannot after reasonable diligence be found within the state, the person who has custody of the remains may require the coroner of the county where the decedent resided at the time of death to take possession of the remains and the coroner shall inter the remains in a specified manner.
What are human remains? When is a permit required to transport them?
California HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE SECTION 7000-7025
7001. "Human remains" or "remains" means the body of a deceased person, regardless of its stage of decomposition, and cremated remains.
7024. "Permit for Disposition of Human Remains" includes "burial permit" and is a permit, issued pursuant to law, for the interment, disinterment, removal, reinterment or transportation of human remains.
7025. "Disposition" means the interment of human remains within California, or the shipment outside of California, for lawful interment or scattering elsewhere, including release of remains pursuant to Section 103060.
What happens after a body is unclaimed for 30 days?
California HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE SECTION 7200-7208
7200. Every head of a public institution, city or county
undertaker, or state, county, or city officer having charge or
control of remains to be interred at public expense shall use due
diligence to notify the relatives of the decedent.
7202. The unclaimed dead retained by the State department for
scientific or educational purposes shall be embalmed and disposed of
in accordance with the instructions of the State department. Such
unclaimed dead shall be held for a period of thirty days by those to
whom they may have been assigned for scientific or educational
purposes, subject to claim and identification by any authenticated
relative of the decedent for purpose of interment or other
disposition in accordance with the directions of such relative.
Can unclaimed bodies be used for educational purposes?
7203. The bodies of the unclaimed dead retained by the State
department shall be used solely for the purpose of instruction and
study in the promotion of medical, chiropractic, and embalming
education and science within the State.
7204. All persons receiving unclaimed dead for educational purposes
shall bear all reasonable expense incurred in the preservation and
transportation of the dead and shall keep a permanent record of
bodies received, giving the identification number, the name, age,
sex, nationality, and race, if possible, together with the place of
last residence of the decedent and the source and disposition, with
dates, of the body.
What happens to the unclaimed remains after the educational purpose is completed?
7207. Whenever, through the failure of any person to notify the
State department, or promptly to deliver the body of a deceased
indigent as required by the State department, such body becomes unfit
for scientific or educational purposes, the State department shall
so certify and the remains shall be interred at the expense of those
guilty of such noncompliance.
7208. Every person who unlawfully disposes, uses, or sells the body
of an unclaimed dead person, or who violates any provision of this
chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor.
Anatomical Gifts in California
HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE SECTION 7150-7156.5 , which includes chapter 7150, known as the "Uniform Anatomical Gift Act."
Can an unclaimed body in a hospital be donated? Who can receive the body as a donee?
7153. (a) Only the following persons may become donees of
anatomical gifts for the purposes stated:
(1) A hospital, physician, surgeon, or procurement organization,
for transplantation, therapy, medical or dental education, research,
or advancement of medical or dental science.
(2) An accredited medical or dental school, college, or university
for education, research, or advancement of medical or dental
(3) A designated individual for transplantation or therapy needed
by that individual.
(4) In the case of a pacemaker, a person who reconditions
(b) An anatomical gift may be made to a designated donee or
without designating a donee. If a donee is not designated or if the
donee is not available or rejects the anatomical gift, the anatomical
gift may be accepted by any hospital or, in the case of a pacemaker,
the pacemaker may be accepted by any person who reconditions
(c) If the donee knows of the decedent's refusal or contrary
indications to make an anatomical gift or that an anatomical gift by
a member of a class having priority to act is opposed by a member of
the same class or a prior class under subdivision (a) of Section
7151, the donee may not accept the anatomical gift.
Can money be exchanged for an anatomical gift?
7155. (a) A person may not knowingly, for valuable consideration,
purchase or sell a part for transplantation, therapy, or
reconditioning, if removal of the part is intended to occur after the
death of the decedent.
(b) Valuable consideration does not include reasonable payment for
the removal, processing, disposal, preservation, quality control,
storage, transplantation, or implantation of a part.
(c) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony and
upon conviction shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, five, or seven years, a fine not exceeding fifty
thousand dollars ($50,000), or both.
From schools and educators in San Diego
2007 July 20 : by Brandon Meachum : page D2 of the Sports Section of the SD Union"Fit for football: It's as important to know your body as your playbook"...the event last Friday. Kids from pee-wee leagues all the way up to high schools benefited...Players from schools such as Helix, Scripps Ranch, La Jolla Country Day and a host of others crowded the exhibit at University Towne Center
At the conclusion of the event, the youth and their parents walked through the rest of the exhibit. They walked past the specimen shooting a basketball, past the human brain and heart, and past the cases showing a multitude of internal organs. The kids could see the muscle groups and organs they would rely on throughout the upcoming football season and what the Chargers had said rang true. “The body is an amazing machine,” Castillo said.
June 15, 2007 in a newsletter sent home to parents (permission to include herein was granted on Thu 7/19/2007 1:36 PM)
"Some Body Advice
Premier Exhibitions, a controversial company based in Atlanta, has brought its show 'Bodies…The Exhibition' to the University Towne Centre. This is a popular exhibition currently on display in several other cities as well, using human remains to show insights into human physiology. Although intriguing to scientists, we caution parents from bringing their children to this showing. Please take the time to research the various issues, and consider carefully the plusses and minuses before deciding whether to expose your children to this exhibit. It is certainly not a place to drive to on the spur of the moment. We hope each child will enjoy many worthwhile and educationally sound explorations of our world during the summer; we’re just not sure this should be one of them."
1 July 2007 "Upcoming exhibit of Bodies raises concerns" by Robert P. Lockwood (Pittsburgh Catholic, America's Oldest Catholic Newspaper In Continuous Publication)
The Diocese of Pittsburgh has not as yet issued a formal statement on this fall’s Bodies exhibit at the Carnegie Science Center. There are enough concerns, however, that Catholics and Catholic organizations should seriously consider not attending the Bodies exhibit until and unless adequate explanations are provided by both Premier Exhibitions and the science center.
June 15, 2007 / 29 Sivan 5767
From Portland's Jewish Review, Exhibit 'indecent, obscene' A Jewish take on Body Worlds 3, By Daniel Isaak (the senior rabbi at Congregation Neveh Shalom in
Portland): "Jews, as we know, are education fanatics. .... The dead are entitled to rest, the body returned to God. To use the bodies of dead human beings almost as a carnival act for others to pay an entrance fee so that they might gawk is nothing less than indecent and obscene."
Jun. 3, 2007 22:09 The Chinese embassy in Israel responds: "There is no live organ bank in China and there is no intention to open one," the spokesman said. He was responding to an extensive study presented by David Matas, an internationally-respected Jewish human rights attorney and Nazi hunter, at a conference on organ transplants at Beilinson Hospital Sunday."
Jun. 3, 2007 22:07 As reported in the Jersalem Post International Edition "A Chinese-language international TV station called New Tang Dynasty TV (NTDTV) recently broadcast a news item on Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv's adamant prohibition of Jews deriving any benefit from Chinese organ harvesting, even in life-threatening situations. ... Other rabbis who have come out against using Chinese organs include Menahem Porush, former Agudat Yisrael MK; Shlomo Aviner, head of the Ateret Yerushalayim Yeshiva; and Yuval Cherlow, one of the heads of the Petah Tikva Hesder Yeshiva and rabbis of the Sanhedrin, a revival of the ancient Jewish governing body."
September 14, 2006 / The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver, BC
shares some its reservations regarding this attraction. about competitor show Body Worlds
2004-08-13 Los Angeles premier of Prof. Von Hagens' art: an interview with members of the ethics advisory committee and other clergy
DEAR EDITOR: For months now, on city buses and in newspapers, including yours, I've been seeing full-color advertisements for "Bodies: The Exhibition," the ongoing show which claims to feature "real human bodies, preserved through an innovative process and then respectfully presented."...Since the ad campaign, with its explicit images, doesn't leave me a choice about seeing the display, I'd at least like to voice my condolences and respect for a Chinese stranger who died and whose body somehow ended up in this bizarre predicament; and I think that whoever put him there must have a heart "preserved through an innovative process." (www.seattleweekly.com/2007-02-28)
In Ancient Israel what does the Bible say should happen in Verse 21:1 of Judges when a corpse is found near your city? (An investigation and an apology for not having been responsible to the visitor)
an opinion: 不盲 translation
Why display skinned human beings?
Why display uncovered, skinned human beings?
Why display unconsenting, uncovered, skinned human beings?
Why have a public display of unconsenting, uncovered, skinned human beings?
Why have a commercial public display of unconsenting, uncovered, skinned human beings?
Kangaroo display laws in California
Senate Bill 880 in Feb 2007; related bills and documents
personal communication from legislative offices:
Sent: Thursday, July 19, 2007 2:28 PM
Subject: "Bodies" exhibit bill
Thank you for your call earlier. I have forwarded information including your website to an intern who is currently in the process of doing research on our bill. I was somewhat unsure about how far our bill is from coming up but checked on it and found that it is still in the very infant phases and may be proposed next year (we have passed the deadline on new bills for this year). I am sorry that there is this delay but that is how our state legislature works. For more immediate results for San Diego specifically, I would suggest pressuring city hall or county supervisors’ offices to work on implementing city or county ordinances on the issue. Thank you again for your contact and I hope your pursuits on this issue are successful.
Legislative Aide, Office of Assemblywoman Fiona Ma
California State Capitol, Room 2176
-----2nd response from City Planning --------Original Message-----
From: Chris Larson
Sent: Monday, July 16, 2007 3:32 PM
To: Michelle K. Gross
Subject: RE: Project No. 126988
Hello, This project was reviewed as a Process 1 building permit to allow for a tenant improvement. A process 1 building permit is not subject to a public process and the City is required by law to issue a permit if a proposal complies with applicable laws and regulations. The City does not consider the use to be a morgue or to be adult entertainment. I recommend that you open a dialog with Westfield, the owner of the UTC mall, concerning your issues and I also recommend that any other concerned parties contact Westfield. Westfield does have the option to make a business decision based on your concerns, but it is a decision that they will have to make. Thanks, Chris
Chris Larson, AICP
City of San Diego
Development Services Department
1222 First Avenue, 5th Floor (MS 501)
San Diego, CA 92101-4155
Phone: 619.446.5352; Fax: 619.446.5499
----------------- 1st response from City
Received via email by me
net Wed 6/27/2007 11:57 AM
From Senior Planner City of San Diego
Development Services Department
1222 First Avenue, 5th Floor (MS 501)
San Diego, CA 92101-4155
Phone: 619.446.5352; Fax: 619.446.5499
Project No. 126988, tenant improvement for a temporary exhibit in the existing retail space
The Development Services Department is tasked with enforcement of the City's development and land use regulations. The project complies with City development and land use restrictions and allowances.
New York City
Feb 28, 2006 "Body exhibits titillate, but are they legal?" By Jana Winter(Columbia News Service)
New York is the only state in which human cadavers for educational or research purposes are subject to Department of Health regulations. “It’s like 'The Sopranos'” said Dr. Todd Olson, director of the Anatomical Committee of the New York Associated Medical Schools (NYAMS), a nonprofit consortium that overseas body donation to medical schools throughout New York State. “You have no documentation of who this is,” said Olson. “Are they people who disappeared on Staten Island out of Tony Soprano’s backyard?”
According to New York health codes, a human body being transported must carry a burial-transit permit and travel in a governmentally authorized vehicle. Bodies must be covered, with orifices plugged, have a nametag attached along with matching death certificate, and be obscured from public view. Human remains used for educational purposes must be held at a licensed nontransplant anatomic bank facility. NYAMS says the South Street Seaport exhibit violates all the above health regulations and more. In November, the Anatomical Committee’s attorney filed a finding from the New York State Department of Health on whether the exhibit was legal. Olson said the request was made to NYSDOH because the requisite licenses are processed at the state, not city level.
Calls to NYSDOH for comment on the letter and clarification of state regulations pertaining to the exhibit were not returned.
http://www.heraldsun.com/durham/4-877535.cfm? Six Duke University professors voiced their opinion against the exhibit of corpses of unknown origin at a Saturday 1 September 2007 protest at Southpoint mall in Durham, brought together by nobodies4profit.org . Go to this site to see photos: http://www.flickr.com/photos/43866215@N00/?saved=1 Go here to read Robin's account: http://www.robinkirk.com/wordpress/ nobodies4profit.org, a group of concerned local parents, has provided North Carolina schools key information regarding the controversy for them to make informed field trip decisions.
City of San Francisco
Tuesday, August 16, 2005
MEETING MINUTES from Legislative Chamber, Board of Supervisors, City and County of San Francisco
051034 "Prohibiting the display of human remains without appropriate written authorization from the deceased or the deceased's next-of-kin" Supervisors Ma, Dufty, Daly, Sandoval
City Supervisor Fiona Ma now represents the twelfth district in the State Assembly http://democrats.assembly.ca.gov/members/a12/
HB 1253 - 2007-08: Requiring written authorization to display human remains for a commercial purpose.
State of California complies with Federal law
http://www.nahc.ca.gov/has.html Health and Safety Codes
8010-8011 California Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act encourages the return of human remains from public venues
JewishSightSeeing's Grapevine: Meet here noon on Sundays to pass out informational fliers on the truth behind the exhibit and ask whether there is a more respectful way to treat the dead.
Send a comment to the Executive Chairman and co-founder of Westfield, which owns UTC. (Read news about his philanthropy.)
Year 2007 food recalls from China
presumed consent and informed consent as governed by law
in the US and foreign countries;
in China ;
informed consent used in a research context;
body parts donation at University of California-SD, San Diego, CA;
The University of Michigan's Transweb effort to educate people about organ donation;
Express your opinion.
Your voice at City Hall and Sacramento
Scott Peters represents this area of San Diego: Let the Office of Council President Scott Peters hear your voice to best serve his constituents! Go to the form letter at the top this page
Let aide Madeleine D. Baudoin, who is responsible for UTC, know how best to serve the voters!. Or Go to the form letter at the top this page
Voice: 619.236.7293 Fax: 619.236.6999
State Senator Senator Christine Kehoe represents this area, which is District 39 in California: http://dist39.casen.govoffice.com/
When you enter a zip code here, you can find your California State representative: